The beginning of sexual life is a very responsible moment for every boy and girl. Physiological maturity alone is not enough, but social maturity is also needed. Awareness of responsibility for the health and destiny of not only yourself, but also your partner. Some people decide to become sexually active out of curiosity, others yield to their partner’s pressure. But always keep in mind the possible consequences.

Many girls are familiar with the feeling of excitement because of delayed menstruation. Most likely, it happened to doubt the reliability of the method of protection, which advised a friend.

Such worries and anxieties are quite common. If they occur, consult a specialist at a women’s clinic or other facility, including the use of contraceptives for example and protection against sexually transmitted diseases.

1) Condom.
One of the most popular contraceptives is the condom. The modern condom is usually made of a thin and very strong material, latex. At the end of the condom there is a small pouch in which sperm accumulates. The condom should be put on the penis in a state of erection. This should be done before insertion into the vagina. The condom prevents sperm from entering the vagina and thus prevents pregnancy. In addition to pregnancy, it protects against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and AIDS. Condoms are very effective if used correctly.

(!) The condom is a product with a history:

Mentions of the condom can be found as far back as the ancient annals of Egypt – back then, the condom served as (who would have thought) a decoration for men. At that time, these contraceptives were made from the intestines or bladders of animals, decorated with precious stones, and placed in the burial place with the dead man. (In some countries, condoms from the intestines of New Zealand lambs are still in demand today, despite the fact that such contraception does not protect against viruses.) According to other sources, the first condom was leather and was worn by none other than Pharaoh Tutankhamen.

At the same time, the Japanese, who are still ahead of the world in terms of high technology, invented something similar, made of very soft leather. This product was called the “kawagata”.

In the Middle Ages, pregnancy was very strict and any little bit “promiscuous” woman could be accused of witchcraft and sent to the stake. Probably, there were no condoms then. But during the Renaissance in Europe, the Italian doctor Fallopius recommended using a cloth bag soaked in an antiseptic solution of herbs as a condom. Rumor has it that he even preferred to do this to women only while wearing the armor for the reproductive organ. In the eighteenth century, of course, the production of condoms was not so active, but it was already on stream. Of course, the pleasure was expensive, but Casanova, as you know, nothing could stop it.

In the XVIII century, the English physician Condom, who served at the court of Charles II, began to promote the condom as a means to prevent pregnancy.

One of the oldest condoms is on display in a London museum. The antique contraceptive is 350 years old. It was made from animal intestines and had to be soaked in milk before being used to soften it. This interesting specimen was found during excavations in one of the castles.

Only in the thirties and forties of the nineteenth century did the protective caps begin to be called a condom. At the same time with the invention of vulcanized rubber, mass production of these contraceptives began. These condoms were very similar to those we still use today. The boom in condom use took place from the 1920s to the 1960s. (when hormonal birth control pills were not yet available) and from the mid-80’s to the present day – ever since the plague of the twentieth century – AIDS and syphilis outbreaks have hampered the planet’s ability to live and love.

Today’s generation is lucky in terms of condom choice, we have condoms with tendrils, embossed, flavored, in different sizes, colors and flavors.

(!) Rules for condom use:

Buy condoms only from pharmacies;
Check the date of manufacture (expiration date) on the package;
Check the integrity of the package – feel the air bubble under your fingers;
Open the package not with scissors, teeth, screwdriver or long fingernails – only with your fingers;
Only put the condom on an erect penis (in aroused condition);
Before putting a condom on, squeeze the sperm receptacle with your fingers to make sure there is no air left in it;
The presence of air is a common cause of condom breakage;
Roll the condom all the way down the length of the penis to the base of the penis;
Remove the condom immediately after ejaculation, holding it at the base with your fingers and away from your partner’s genital tract;
Tie the condom so it does not spill semen, wrap it in paper and throw it in a garbage can, not out the window;
One condom is used once, you should not wash or dry it on a string;
Do not use fat-soluble lubricants (Vaseline, oil) as they can damage the condom and it will tear.
2) Contraceptive pills.
Birth control pills contain the same sex hormones that a woman’s body produces. These hormones prevent ovulation and therefore make pregnancy impossible. Today, the pill is one of the most effective birth control methods.

There are persistent prejudices that hormonal pills lead to weight gain. Modern drugs containing a very low dose of hormones in most cases have no effect on body weight at all.

If you have decided to use the pills, you should definitely consult your doctor. But remember: The pills do not protect against sexually transmitted infections and HIV. If there is a risk of infection, you should use a condom.

3) Contraceptive injections
Contraceptive injections contain one of the sex hormones that is produced by a woman’s body. It prevents ovulation and thus prevents conception. The injections are administered intramuscularly (in the arm or buttock), necessarily by a doctor. Contraceptive injections are very reliable and if you decide to use them, be sure to consult your doctor. But for all the positive qualities of birth control injections, they do not protect against STIs and HIV.

4) Spermicides
Spermicides are substances that destroy sperm before they enter the uterus. They come in creams, pills, and foam sprays and are injected into the vagina before intercourse. Read the instructions carefully before use. The effectiveness of spermicides is not high, but some spermicides reduce the risk of STI infection.

5) Intrauterine device
An intrauterine device (coil) is inserted into the uterus. The IUD can only be inserted or removed by a doctor. An IUD is recommended for women who have given birth, not teenagers.

The coil is very effective, but it can aggravate existing genital infections. Therefore, it is not recommended for those who have more than one partner. The coil does not protect against STIs and HIV. If there is a risk of infection, a condom should be used.

6) Postcoital hormonal contraception
Postcoital hormonal contraception is very important for adolescents because young people often have “spontaneous” unplanned sex without having any means of protection. In such cases, there is a need for emergency contraception. In addition, postcoital contraception can be used as insurance in cases of damaged condoms.

However, girls should be strongly warned against using this method often and regularly! Because it is very harmful to the body and can lead to serious unwanted consequences.

Your body is in your hands, treat it with care!

Ask your doctor if you have any questions!